giovedì 11 gennaio 2018

Siti utili per imparare l'olandese


Avendo una fidanzata olandese, mi sono cimentato nello studio della sua lingua. Chi si è imbarcato in una simile impresa, sa che il materiale per l'apprendimento dell'olandese (o, come sarebbe più corretto dire, del nederlandese) è piuttosto carente, soprattutto quello in lingua italiana. Perciò ho raccolto qua sotto una serie di link utili a tal fine.
La pagina in questione verrà aggiornata qualora acquisito nuovo materiale. Alla luce di quanto detto, siete come sempre invitati a partecipare attivamente alla vita del mio blog, segnalando errori e/o suggerendo altre pagine web.
  • 2Link.be: riassume più che altro i vari corsi offerti. Più una raccolta dunque, non soltanto dell’olandese ma anche molte altre lingue vengono trattate. Non vale la pena per chi cerca un sito specifico, perché si finisce per avere il PC pieno di pubblicità.
  • Braint: La pagina offre test gratuiti di ortografia e grammatica che vanno dal livello B1 in su; nonché l'e-learning ortografia e la grammatica. Inizialmente il sito sembra offrire informazioni soltanto sui corsi a pagamento, invece, scavando qua e là si trovano anche interessanti spiegazioni su aspetti grammaticali. Ecco alcuni esempi: pronuncia, spelling, participio passato, articoli, plurale, uso dell’apostrofo, parole composte con o senza trattino, interpunzione, frase principale e subordinata, i vari complementi primari, e tant’altro!
  • Brasileiros na Holanda: La pagina, piuttosto vecchia, raccoglie link, in alcuni non più funzionanti, a vari corsi gratuiti di olandese in varie lingue (principalmente in spagnolo, inglese e olandese).
  • Dutch online grammar course: Sito multilingue e ricchissimo di materiale audio, video ecc. Purtroppo, la versione in italiano non pare al momento esser stata ultimata.
  • DutchIpresume: Qui potete trovare oltre a una sezione dedicata al nederlandese come seconda lingua, una seconda dedicata ai Paesi Bassi e alla cultura olandese.
  • Learn Dutch: è forse il peggiore dei siti che citato, sia sul piano dei contenuti che su quello della forma (ha un look molto anni Novanta), ma lo menziono comunque. Magari a qualcuno può sempre far comodo!
  • nt2examen: Un sito ben strutturato ai fini dell’apprendimento della lingua, riportando una varietà di link e suggerimenti ad uso dei principianti assoluti come di quelli più esperti. Inoltre, fornisce informazioni sull’esame di stato, il cosiddetto TNT-examen, offerto dal Ministero dell’istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca.
  • oefenen.nl: sito che offre esercizi vari di lingua, scrittura e altro. Cosa carina: “chiacchiera” in più lingue, dando spiegazioni su come muoversi all’interno e dove trovare gli esercizi. Purtroppo non è in italiano, bisogna accontentarsi di inglese, polacco, rumeno, spagnolo, francese, olandese e turco. Chi possiede una conoscenza base di una di queste lingue non avrà problemi.
  • PhraseBase: Phrasebase mette in condivisione molte risorse per l'apprendimento delle lingue e possiede il più grande database di parole e frasi di uso comune, tradotte in 90 idiomi. Cliccando qui accederete alla sezione dedicata all'olandese.
  • SpeakDutch.nl: Pagina, ancora una volta in inglese, che fornisce un corso strutturato su tre differenti livelli: 1) una prima sezione per le frasi-chiave (Key Phrases) con audio per migliorare la pronuncia; 2) un corso di grammatica (Grammar Course); 3) una parte per le parole più utilizzate (Useful words).

giovedì 28 dicembre 2017

Astronomia



«Sfoglia un po' queste pagine. Che belle!»
Consigli. «Uno scienziato, in modo terso,
al nipotino spiega l'universo,
senz'esser trito o dire bagattelle».

Sbuffo. «A questo pugno di spaurite stella,
supplicanti ai poeti qualche verso
- che un dì in un buco nero andrà disperso -
preferisco di gran lunga le frittelle».

Ridi, e mi fai: «Ecco il mio romanticone!
Non ti giova pensar quanto sia grande
per relativizzar ogni questione?»

«Al pensier mi s'imbrattan le mutande!»
E mentre mi spauro al paragone,
raffreddandosi il vuoto ognor s'espande.

sabato 7 ottobre 2017

Convertire una mail in PDF


Vi è mai capitato di dover convertire una mail in PDF? A me sì, e devo dire che c'è un modo semplicissimo per farlo.
Basta inoltrare il messaggio di posta elettronica originale all’indirizzo pdfconvert@pdfconvert.me. Fatto ciò, riceveremo dopo pochi istanti una e-mail con in allegato il PDF desiderato. Il servizio è ha il pregio di funzionare bene sia con un messaggio e-mail di testo normale, sia con e-mail contenenti HTML.
Se ci sono eventuali allegati Word, Excel o PowerPoint all’interno della e-mail che volete convertire in PDF, allora inoltrate il vostro messaggio a attachconvert@pdfconvert.me e riceverete dopo pochi istanti una e-mail con i documenti convertiti.
Inoltre si può convertire convertire una pagina web in PDF. Basterà scrivere una e-mail con all’interno solo l’URL della pagina da convertire e inviare una e-mail a webconvert@pdfconvert.me.

Se infine gradite ulteriori informazioni sull'argomento, potete leggervi la  pagina da cui questo post prende spunto: http://www.chimerarevo.com/internet/salvare-e-mail-pdf-156358/.

mercoledì 27 settembre 2017

Mixed conditional

Tuesday, 27th of March 2017
Lingua e traduzione inglese I
(Monolingua inglese I)


Mixed conditional is a combination of 2nd and 3rd (present or past) conditional.

Past Condition of Present Result

The pattern made up of an if-clause with 3rd condination and a main clause with 2nd conditional is used for something that happened in the past but has a consequence in our present:
If Bell hadn't invented the telephone, I wouldn't own a mobilphone today.
I wouldn't be able to keep in touch with a lot of old friends, if Zuckemberg hadn't invented Facebook.

Present Condition of Past Result

The pattern made up of an if-clause with 2nd condinational and a main clause with 3rd condinational is used for a permanent state or characteristic which affected something that happened in the past:
If I weren't afraid of heights, I would have gone bungee jumping last year.
In other words:
I'm afraid of heights. Consequently, I didn't go bungee jumping.
Other examples:
My sister would have had some study experience abroad, if she were braver.
If I were good at maths, I would have chosen.

Synonyms of if 

In conclusion, we will show you some alternatives for if:
  • unless 
  • whether is used according whit the type 0 conditional
  • tough (that means even if)
  • provided that (or: on condition that, as far as)

English B2: Appendix 2

Phrasal Verbs for B2

What follows is a list of highly frequently used phrasal verbs in B2 context. We recommend memorising them in order to a better chance of passing the exam.

to be fed up with
to be bored/frustrated with [sth/smb]:
I’m so fed up with this weather – it hasn’t stopped raining for days!
to be in
to be at home/in the building:
‘Hello, can I speak to Mark please?’
I’m sorry, he’s not in right now, can I take a message?’
to be over
to be finished:
The lesson’s over, you can go now.
to be up
to be out of bed:
I’m going to make some eggs for breakfast, is Chris up yet?
to explode:
They blew the bridges up so the enemy couldn’t cross the river.
to cease to work properly:
My car broke down and I had to call to a taxi to get home.
to break into [sth]
to enter by force:
The burglar broke into the house through the window and stole all the jewellery.
to begin:
All the men were drunk and after their team lost the match a fight broke out in the pub.
to break up (with)
to terminate (often a relationship):
Did you hear that Lionel and Julie broke up?
1) to educate:
She brought her children up as Catholics but they converted to Judaism later in life.
2) to mention:
At the meeting the president brought up the question of the increasing company debt.
to cancel:
The tennis match was called off due to the heavy rain.
to care about
to be interested in [sth]:
I don’t care about money, I just want a job that I enjoy.
to carry on doing [sth]
(OR: to go on;
OR: to keep on)
to continue:
In spite of the heavy rain, we just carried on walking.
to perform duties:
The Sergeant gives the orders and the soldiers carry them out.
to shut permanently (a shop or business):
I used to go the cinema every week but the movie theatre near my house closed down last year so now I hardly ever go to the movies.
to find by accident:
When I was looking for my passport, I came across these old photos.
to arrive at/think of an idea:
We didn’t know how to raise the money, then Mike came up with the idea of creating a web site to collect funds.
to cut down (on):
to lessen the use of:
I really have to cut down on coffee, I drink too many cups a day.
(OR: to work out)
to understand something after much thought:
I couldn’t understand the dvd instructions for setting the timer, then after reading it for the 4th time, I figured it out.
to fill in / out
to complete (forms)
To register at the university you have to fill in/fill out this form and take it to the registry office.
to find out
to discover/to come to know:
When she found out that her colleague had stolen the company money, she was shocked.
to get into/get out of
to enter and to exit a vehicle (e.g. a car, a taxi etc.):
The taxi stopped at the taxi rank, an elderly man got out of the car, paid the driver, then I got into the taxi and said ‘the airport please’.
to get on/get off
to enter and exit a means of transport (bus, boat, plane, train):
Everybody got on the plane and took their seats, but then there was a bomb scare so we all had to get off the plane in a hurry while security carried out checks.
to get on (with)
to have a good relationship:
I get on with all my colleagues.
to get out
to escape:
Don’t worry about the snake, it can’t get out of the box.
to get over
to recover from a difficult moment:
It took her years to get over the death of her son.
to get rid of
to remove from one’s life/possession:
I decided to get rid of all my old shoes so I gave them to charity.
to give up
1) to quit:
I gave up smoking years ago.
2) to abandon an attempt:
I tried to learn to play the violin but after a few months I gave up.
to go on
to happen:
What’s going on here? Why is everybody laughing?
to go through
1) to experience something unpleasant:
After going through 3 operations, William had become extremely skinny and weak.
2) to examine:
Go through all these documents and see if there are any mistakes.
to hand in
to give by hand:
I finished the test and handed it in to the teacher.
to hand out
to distribute:
The tour guide handed out maps to all the group.
to let [sb] down
to disappoint:
Denise really let me down, when she told me that she wasn’t going to help me
to look after
to be responsible for:
I’m looking after my friend’s cat, while she’s away on vacation.
to look for
to search:
I spent months looking for a new job before I found one.
to look forward to
to expect with pleasure:
We’re all looking forward to meeting our son’s new girlfriend.
to look out
(OR: to watch out)
to beware of some kind of danger:
Look out! A car’s coming!
to look up to
to admire/to respect:
The professor is extremely knowledgeable and all the students look up to him.
to look down on
to have no regard for:
Maria thinks that her husband’s rich family look down on her because she comes from a very modest background.
to make sense (of)
1) to be logical:
He bought a car but he still takes the bus everywhere he goes, that doesn’t make sense!
2) to understand:
He tried explaining the problem to me but I can’t make sense of anything he says.
to make up
to invent:
I don’t believe his story – I think he’s just making it up.
to make up one’s mind
to decide:
Should I buy the red suit or the blue one? I can’t make up my mind!
to pick up
1) to lift something, usually from the ground:
I found a 50 Euro bill on the street, but when I picked it up I realized it was fake.
2) to collect someone from someplace:
Call me when you get to the station so I can come and pick you up.
to point out
to indicate:
Show me your map of Paris and I’ll point out the fastest way to walk to the Eiffel Tower.
to put back
to return to the original place:
You can use my calculator, when you’re done please put it back in the drawer.
to put off
to postpone:
The meeting was supposed to be Monday at 3 o’clock but it’s been put off to Tuesday morning.
to put on
to dress oneself with an article of clothes:
I put on my tracksuit and went running.
to put out
to extinguish:
There’s no smoking in here – please put out that cigarette.
to put up with
to accept and tolerate [sth/sb]:
I live on a busy street so I have to put up with a lot of noisy traffic.
to run into
to meet unexpectedly:
I ran into my ex-boyfriend while I was shopping at the mall last week.
to run out of [sth]
to have none left:
I tried to stay calm while babysitting the children but I ran out of patience and screamed at them when they broke the vase
to set off
to depart:
The family set off on their holiday from Heathrow airport
to set up
to establish:
When Debora lost her job she decided to set up a new business with her sister
to take after
to resemble, usually referred to character
Brian takes after his father, they’re both very generous
to take off
1) to remove:
Can you please take off your shoes before coming into the living room?
2) to leave the ground (airplanes)
Our plane took off at 3 o’clock.
to take up
to begin a hobby, sport or new endeavour:
He took up golf and has become obsessed by the game
to throw away/out
to put in the rubbish bin:
Please throw away/throw out your empty soda cans before leaving the room.
to try on
to see if clothes fit:
I loved that jumper but I tried it on and it didn’t suit me at all so I didn’t buy it
to turn down
to reject:
Peter has asked Maria out 3 times and she’s always turned him down.
to turn out
to reveal to be:
He seemed like an honest person but then he turned out to be a crook.
to turn up/turn down (volume)
to raise and lower:
Can you please turn down that music and turn up the air conditioning?
to turn up (or: to show up)
to arrive for an appointment:
If you hadn’t turned up/showed up late, we wouldn’t have missed our train.
to wear out
to consume through use:
I need a new pair of shoes, these are really worn out.